According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the USA between men and women. Some factors that contribute to heart issues are elevated rates of hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and cholesterol. Even though cardiovascular disease reflects lifestyle, racism and everyday prejudice result in black, indigenous, and people of color showing higher frequencies of it.
The Medical News Today summarizes multiple research projects; “A 2017 study that examined high blood pressure prevalence across racial and ethnic groups in New York City found significantly lower rates of hypertension among white Americans, with an overall age-adjusted rate of 27.5%. Black Americans had the highest high blood pressure rate at 43.5%, with a rate of 38% among Asian Americans and 33% among Hispanic Americans.” The author elaborates on how “residential segregation in the U.S. means that predominantly Black neighborhoods have fewer financial resources and are more likely to have shortages of doctors. It can also contribute to food deserts, which refers to areas where it is difficult to get fresh produce, and unsafe public spaces, which can affect a person’s ability to exercise.”
A heart disease study conducted by the CDC showed that during 2015-2016, Hispanic and non-Hispanic blacks were more likely to have hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Experts suggest that racism can elicit higher blood pressure, putting people of color at risk. Not to mention, having access to clean and safe resources also greatly impacts a person’s chances of developing obesity or diabetes.
CDC. Health, United States Spotlight – Centers for Disease Control and … https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/spotlight/HeartDiseaseSpotlight_2019_0404.pdf.
CDC. “Million Hearts® Costs & Consequences.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26 Feb. 2021, https://millionhearts.hhs.gov/learn-prevent/cost-consequences.html#:~:text=More%20than%20800%2C000%20people%20in,in%20people%20under%20age%2065.
Villines, Zawn. “Cardiovascular Disease and Race: What to Know.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 23 Aug. 2021, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/cardiovascular-disease-and-race.